The temperature dependence of the structures of three polytypes of BaRuO3 have been investigated between room temperature and 1000 °C using high resolution Synchrotron X-ray diffraction. The structural studies reveal a systematic decrease in the Ru-Ru distance as the pressure required to prepare the polytype increases. The O-O distance across the shared face increases as the Ru-Ru separation decreases. The 9R and 4H polytypes undergo unexceptional changes with increasing temperature. In 6H-BaRuO3 there is an apparent increase in the Ru-Ru interaction around 650 °C and concurrent reduction in the O-O distance indicating an anomalous strengthening of the Ru-Ru interactions upon heating.