|Title:||Transnational Corporations, Local Adaptation and Inter- Firm Linkages in Developing Countries: Some Contrasts with Local Enterprises in India.|
|Authors:||Ray, Pradeep Kanta|
|Keywords:||Transnational corporations, developing countries, adaptation, linkages, discriminant analysis.|
|Abstract:||The issue how transnational corporations (TNC) affiliates adapt locally within emerging markets while sustaining their global competitive advantage has been debated and discussed in international business literature. Even so, the actual response of TNC-affiliates to this contradiction has not been systematically explored. Using a rich dataset of over 300 companies in India, we examine if the ability of TNC-affiliates to adapt and strike linkages in host countries is in any way different to those of their local counterparts. Our results show that TNC-affiliates and local enterprises (LE) behave differently across a majority of dimensions predicted. But whereas this difference is robust for mature industries like chemicals, the same cannot be claimed for high technology global industries like electronics and transport equipment. This suggests that the behavioural differences between the two groups of firms may be strongly influenced by market structural variables impinging upon the industries in which they compete. The results have implications for TNCaffiliates striving to streamline their strategy with pressures in their task environment and also for nation-states as to how to best devise policy mechanisms to assist the same.|
|Type of Work:||Working Paper|
|Appears in Collections:||ITLS Working Papers 2003|
|itls-wp-03-10.pdf||135.31 kB||Adobe PDF|
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