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|Title: ||Accessibility and Social Welfare: A study of the City of Johannesburg|
|Authors: ||Lionjanga, Nahungu|
|Keywords: ||Thredbo 15 - Papers - Workshop 6|
|Issue Date: ||2017|
|Citation: ||International Conference Series on Competition and Ownership in Land Passenger Transport – 2017 - Stockholm, Sweden - Thredbo 15|
|Series/Report no.: ||Thredbo 15|
|Abstract: ||Within the corpus of accessibility measures is the Net Wage After Commute which describes the potential wage earnable less the transport costs incurred to commute to work from a particular location. This paper explores the time-series developments of accessibility, using this poverty-relevant metric, in low-income residential areas of the City of Johannesburg, biennially from 2009 to 2013 when accessibility patterns were altered as a result of major investments in the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system. Furthermore, a difference-in-differences approach was adopted to explore the effects of access to the BRT on the well-being of lower-income households, investigating the premise that transport related benefits brought about by such investments translate to social welfare improvements. The results suggest that significant time-series changes in accessibility patterns are driven by affordability against the backdrop of decentralisation, particularly for low-income areas in the peripheries of the city. The difference-in-differences model reveals that the BRT did not improve the well-being of residents, however, likely users of the service are better off in terms of well-being than non-users. This suggests that that BRT in Johannesburg is beneficial as a transport project, but not as a general urban intervention able to improve the overall amenity of served communities.|
|Description: ||Papers - Workshop 6|
|Type of Work: ||Conference paper|
|Appears in Collections:||Thredbo 15|
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