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|Title: ||Improved Protocols For Isolated Microspore Culture Of Rice. Application Of Molecular Approaches To Rice Improvement.|
|Authors: ||Darvey, Norman|
|Issue Date: ||30-Oct-2005|
|Series/Report no.: ||Program 3|
|Abstract: ||A summary of this work is provided. The remainder of the original report has been
withheld from publication as the information contained therein should be regarded as
“commercial in confidence”.
The main objectives of this project were (a) to develop a microspore culture based rapid
breeding system (b) to understand the genetic basis of cold tolerance and (c) achieve genetic
improvements in the cold tolerance of Australian rice germplasm.
Thanks to the establishment of a special linkage with researchers in the Peoples Republic of
China, some excellent cold tolerant germplasm was introduced into Australia. The cold
tolerance of this germplasm has been confirmed by cold treatments under glasshouse
conditions. This germplasm was then provided to several breeding, genetic, and physiological
research groups within the CRC. Crossing has also been carried out between this germplasm
and elite Australian cultivars in order to deliver doubled haploid plants for cold tolerance
breeding and genetic research.
Doubled haploid (DH) plant production is a way of rapidly fixing genetic segregation in the
early generations of a crossing program, thereby reducing the number of years required for the
establishment of pure breeding lines. Typically, DH plants of rice are normally produced by
anther culture. As a result of this procedure, we have released over one hundred DH plants
from a cross between the cold tolerant American cultivar M103 and the cold sensitive
Australian cultivar Doongara. However, anther culture is a low efficiency system in that it is
difficult to produce large numbers of DH plants. Microspore culture, on the other hand, is a
highly efficient system which isolates young pollen from anthers, and gives rise to large
numbers of DH plants in crops such as canola and barley. Microspore culture has also been
reported in rice; however its efficiency of production has left much to be desired, especially
with respect to cultivar response ...|
|Type of Work: ||Other|
|Appears in Collections:||Research Papers|
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