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|Title: ||PERSPECTIVES INTERNATIONALES SUR LES MESURES POUR OFFRIR DES TRANSPORTS ACCESSIBLES AUX PERSONNES À MOBILITÉ RÉDUITE|
|Authors: ||Wilson, Eliane|
|Keywords: ||Flexible Transport, Paratransit|
|Issue Date: ||2016|
|Publisher: ||Emerald Publishing|
|Citation: ||Wilson, E (2016) INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVES ON PARATRANSIT POLICIES AND APPROACHES TO DELIVER ACCESSIBLE TRANSPORTATION in Paratransit: Shaping the Flexible Future, editied by Mulley, C and Nelson, J, published by Emerald, Bingley, United Kingdom|
The impetus was to assess pluses and minuses of a national mandate with specific paratransit guidelines in “the” 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) model). Two European countries were chosen to explore other ways to serve persons with disabilities, not driven by ADA.
This research compared mandates in each area (via a tri-lingual survey) both as related to ADA’s most common practices and the European model of “Persons with Reduced Mobility” (PMRs). After data collection, analysis compared and contrasted ADA and PMR schemes.
Even in California, differences were found among survey sites; for instance, the organization type and mix of services varied greatly, despite a national framework. In Europe, there were more similar approaches among regions where, without a national framework, there was flexible, regional decision-making. In Europe, the national focus is on more regular transit accessibility, maximizing transit use rather than special services.
Social, research or practical implications:
Five recommendations resulted and apply most directly to California and equally for agencies with or without ADA. The strengths of the PMR approach are transferable to California and the trend among a few California partners to go beyond ADA, while only a local option, reinforces the strength of the PMR solution. How to improve service and financial performance and enlarge the private sector role are put forward. Existing methods, whether Federal or California-driven, need revisiting to achieve true benefits of coordination.|
|Rights and Permissions: ||The chapters should be freely available and free of charge after embargo period.|
|Type of Work: ||Book chapter|
|Type of Publication: ||Pre-print|
|Appears in Collections:||Research Papers and Publications. Business School|
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|Perspectives internationales ADA PMR-sept 2015.pdf||French version of Chapter 9||1.9 MB||Adobe PDF|
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