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|Title:||Forecast combination for discrete choice models: predicting FOMC monetary policy decisions|
Discipline of Business Analytics
Discrete choice models
Monetary policy decisions
|Abstract:||This paper provides a methodology for combining forecasts based on several discrete choice models. This is achieved primarily by combining one-step-ahead probability forecast associated with each model. The paper applies well-established scoring rules for qualitative response models in the context of forecast combination. Log-scores and quadratic-scores are both used to evaluate the forecasting accuracy of each model and to combine the probability forecasts. In addition to producing point forecasts, the effect of sampling variation is also assessed. This methodology is applied to forecast the US Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) decisions in changing the federal funds target rate. Several of the economic fundamentals influencing the FOMC decisions are nonstationary over time and are modelled in a similar fashion to Hu and Phillips (2004a, JoE). The empirical results show that combining forecasted probabilities using scores mostly outperforms both equal weight combination and forecasts based on multivariate models.|
|Department/Unit/Centre:||Discipline of Business Analytics|
|Type of Work:||Working Paper|
|Appears in Collections:||Working Papers - Business Analytics|
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|OMWP_2011_11.pdf||243.01 kB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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