This thesis details the methodology, results and interpretations of analysis
that was conducted on a shell midden assemblage from Pamua on the island of
Makira, Southeast Solomon Islands. This midden was excavated from site SB-4-6
also known as the Mwanihuki village site, on the north coast of Makira in 1975 as
part of the Southeast Solomon Islands Culture History Project (SESP).
This analysis was able to generate a large dataset, through which the
temporal and spatial use of site SB-4-6 could be determined, with peak periods
and areas of intensified use apparent. Additionally, the foraging behaviours and
subsistence strategies behind the midden’s deposition were able to be interpreted
as a distinct mixture of opportunistic and targeted foraging, which was largely
dependent on the surrounding environment.
The research presented in this thesis has therefore addressed a major gap
in the archaeological record. The results of analysis that have been presented in
this thesis are representative of the first comprehensive shell midden investigation
to be undertaken at a late prehistoric site in the Southeast Solomon Islands.
Consequently, this thesis and the results it presents can provide the starting point
for future investigations of other midden assemblages within the study area.