Recent Submissions

  • Intergenerational disadvantage: Learning about equal opportunity from social assistance receipt 

    Cobb-Clark, Deborah A; Dahmann, Sarah C; Salamanca, Nicolas; Zhu, Anna
    Published 2022
    We use variation in the intergenerational persistence across social assistance benefits over 18 years to study the drivers of intergenerational disadvantage. Young people are more likely to receive social assistance if ...
  • Cyclical signals from the labor market 

    Morley, James; Berger, Tino; Boll, Paul David; Wong, Benjamin
    Published 2022
    We consider which labor market variables are the most informative for estimating and nowcasting the US output gap using a multivariate trend-cycle decomposition. Although the unemployment rate clearly contains important ...
    Open Access
  • Labor Unions and Covid-19: Beyond the Workplace 

    Naeim, Peyman Firouzi; Rahimzadeh, Golnoush
    Published 2022
    Person-to-person transmission in the workplace is thought to play a crucial role in the spread of COVID-19. Labor unions are among the largest institutions in the United States, and their role in regulating employee-employer ...
  • Effect of lockdown on mental health in Australia: evidence from a natural experiment analysing a longitudinal probability sample survey 

    Butterworth, P.; Schurer, S.; Trinh, T.-A.; Vera-Toscano, E.; Wooden, M.
    Published 2022
    Background: Many studies have examined population mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic but have been unable to isolate the direct effect of lockdowns. The aim of this study was to examine changes in the mental health ...
  • When is discretionary fiscal policy effective? 

    Morley, James; Fazzari, Steven; Panovska, Irina
    Published 2021
    We investigate the effects of discretionary changes in government spending and taxes using a medium-scale nonlinear vector autoregressive model with policy shocks identified via sign restrictions. Tax cuts and spending ...

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