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|Title: ||Regulation Policy in Land Passenger Transportation in Europe|
|Authors: ||Preston, John|
|Issue Date: ||2001|
|Publisher: ||Institute of Transport and Logistics Studies. Faculty of Economics and Business. The University of Sydney|
|Citation: ||International Conference Series on Competition and Ownership in Land Passenger Transport – 2001 – Molde, Norway– Thredbo 7|
|Series/Report no.: ||Thredbo|
|Abstract: ||This paper draws on a number of projects undertaken recently for the European
Commission. It reviews the changing regulatory policies toward bus, coach and rail
travel in the member states of the European Union. It is found that although there have
been substantial reforms in individual member states, reforms at a European level have
been limited in both their scope and impact. This is despite considerable activity that has
included regulation 1893/91 (on public service contracts in local public transport),
directive 91/440 (on international rail services) and regulation 12/98 (on international
coach services), as well as a number of Green and White Papers.
Estimates of the economic benefits of commercialising the passenger rail networks,
introducing tendering for local public transport and deregulating express coaches are
made. These are contrasted with estimates of the benefits that might be achieved through
investing in infrastructure to improve interoperability and interconnection.
Organisational issues are also considered. Evidence is presented that European railway
companies should be restructured, with some companies being fragmented and others
consolidated, with networks re-configured. The evidence on vertical separation is reassessed.
For the bus and coach industry, trends towards horizontal integration are noted
and the anti-trust implications assessed.
It is concluded that continued regulatory and organisational reform is required and that
this should probably be based on competition for the market for both the operation and
the planning of most scheduled bus and rail services.|
|Rights and Permissions: ||Copyright the University of Sydney|
|Type of Work: ||Conference paper|
|Appears in Collections:||Thredbo 7|
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