|Title:||QT interval, corrected for heart rate, is associated with HbA concentration and autonomic function in diabetes|
|Other Titles:||Longer QTc associates with higher HbA1c and autonomic nerve dysfunction in adolescents with type 1 diabetes|
Jenkins, Alicia J.
Keech, Anthony C
Donaghue, Kim C
|Keywords:||type 1 diabetes|
|Publisher:||British Diabetic Association|
|Citation:||Stern K, Cho YH, Benitez-Aguirre P, Jenkins AJ, McGill M, Mitchell P, Keech AC, Donaghue KC. QT interval, corrected for heart rate, is associated with HbA concentration and autonomic function in diabetes. Diabetic Medicine 2016; 33(10): 1415–1421.|
|Abstract:||Aims To examine QT intervals corrected for heart rate (QTc) in adolescents with Type 1 diabetes compared with control subjects, and to determine associations with metabolic control and autonomic function. Methods Resting electrocardiogram recordings of 142 adolescents with Type 1 diabetes [mean (SD) age 15.3 (2.0) years, diabetes duration 9.0 (3.5) years, HbA1c 71 (17) mmol/mol or 8.7 (1.6)%] and 125 control subjects [mean (SD) age 15.7 (2.5) years] were used to calculate QTc duration and derive mean heart rate and heart rate variability (HRV) values. Linear and logistic regression models were used to examine the associations between QTc, metabolic control and autonomic function (HRV and pupillary function). Results QTc duration was not significantly different between subjects with Type 1 diabetes and control subjects (mean duration 392 vs 391 ms; P = 0.65). In the Type 1 diabetes group, QTc was positively associated with HbA1c [b = 4 (95% CI 2, 6); P < 0.001] and inversely associated with severe hypoglycaemic events [b = -10 (95% CI -20,-2); P = 0.01], less insulin/kg [b = -12 (95% CI -22, -2); P = 0.024] and less HRV. In the Type 1 diabetes group, QTc in the highest quintile (≥409 ms) vs quintiles 1–4 had more pupillary abnormalities (83 vs 56%; P = 0.03), lower pupillary maximum constriction velocity (4.8 vs 5.3 mm/s; P = 0.04), higher heart rate (78 vs 72 beats per min; P = 0.02) and lower HRV (standard deviation of mean NN intervals 4.0 vs 4.3 ms, P = 0.004 and root-mean-square difference of successive NN intervals 3.7 vs 4.1 ms; P = 0.004). Conclusions Although there are concerns about hypoglycaemia in general in people with Type 1 diabetes, chronic hyperglycaemia, rather than intermittent hypoglycaemia, appears to be more deleterious to autonomic cardiac function, even in adolescence. Longer QTc was associated with higher HbA1c concentration, lower risk of hypoglycaemia and autonomic dysfunction. Longitudinal studies are warranted.|
|Type of Work:||Article|
|Type of Publication:||Post-print|
|Appears in Collections:||Research Papers and Publications. NHMRC CTC|
|Accepted_Stern_Diabetic_Medicine_2016.pdf||312.24 kB||Adobe PDF|
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