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|Title:||Survival of Johne’s Disease in the environment : National Ovine Johne's Disease Control and Evaluation Program.|
|Authors:||Whittington, R. J|
|Keywords:||Ovine Johne’s Disease|
|Publisher:||Meat and Livestock Australia Ltd|
|Citation:||North Sydney, NSW|
|Abstract:||This report covers three MLA projects (TR.055, TR.055A and OJD.003) undertaken by NSW Agriculture to determine how long the sheep strain of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis survives in the environment to validate destocking recommendations for eradication of OJD. Survival of the organism was prolonged but finite. In the shade it lasted for 13 months while in the open in ungrazed pasture it lasted for 7 months. It survived for a shorter period in fully exposed pastures where grazing was simulated but for much longer in water than on pasture. These times were probably underestimates. Liming pasture did not reduce survival and moisture did not increase it. Shade was the most significant factor favouring survival. Further research is necessary to determine the mechanisms of survival, which include dormancy. Decay rates for the organism were determined for short term and long term destocking. These can be used to estimate how much time must be allowed to render pastures safe for control and eradication of OJD, respectively. When estimates of soil ingestion rates by grazing sheep are combined with within-flock OJD prevalence estimates and bacterial shedding rates determined by PFC, it is possible to make property by property recommendations for the purpose of control or eradication of OJD.|
|Description:||This work has been digitally archived on behalf of Meat & Livestock Australia Limited by the Sydney eScholarship Repository at the University of Sydney Library.|
|Rights and Permissions:||Copyright Meat & Livestock Australia Limited|
|Type of Work:||Technical Report|
|Appears in Collections:||Ovine Johne’s Disease Research & Development Program|
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|OJD.003 TR.055A and TR.055 Final report.pdf||2.29 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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