|Title:||Respiratory Motion Guided Four Dimensional Cone Beam Computed Tomography: Encompassing Irregular Breathing|
|Citation:||Phys Med Biol. 2014 Feb 7;59(3):579-95|
|Abstract:||Four dimensional cone beam computed tomography (4DCBCT) images su er from angular under sampling and bunching of projections due to a lack of feedback between the respiratory signal and the acquisition system. To address this problem, Respiratory Motion Guided 4DCBCT (RMG-4DCBCT) regulates the gantry velocity and projection time interval, in response to the patient's respiratory signal, with the aim of acquiring evenly spaced projections in a number of phase or displacement bins during the respiratory cycle. Our previous study of RMG- 4DCBCT was limited to sinusoidal breathing traces. Here we expand on that work to provide a practical algorithm for the case of real patient breathing data. We give a complete description of RMG-4DCBCT including full details on how to implement the algorithms to determine when to move the gantry and when to acquire projections in response to the patient's respiratory signal. We simulate a realistic working RMG-4DCBCT system using 112 breathing traces from 24 lung cancer patients. Acquisition used phase-based binning and parameter settings typically used on commercial 4DCBCT systems (4 minute acquisition time, 1200 projections across 10 respiratory bins), with the acceleration and velocity constraints of current generation linear accelerators. We quanti ed streaking artefacts and image noise for conventional and RMG-4DCBCT methods by reconstructing projection data selected from an oversampled set of Catphan phantom projections. RMG-4DCBCT allows us to optimally trade-o image quality, acquisition time and image dose. For example, for the same image quality and acquisition time as conventional 4DCBCT approximately half the imaging dose is needed. Alternatively, for the same imaging dose, the image quality as measured by the signal to noise ratio, is improved by 63% on average. C- arm CBCT systems, with an acceleration up to 200 degrees=s2, a velocity up to 100 degrees=s and the acquisition of 80 projections per second, allow the image acquisition time to be reduced to below 60 seconds. We have made considerable progress towards realising a system to reduce projection clustering in conventional 4DCBCT imaging and hence reduce the imaging dose to the patient.|
|Type of Work:||Article|
|Type of Publication:||Pre-print|
|Appears in Collections:||Research Papers and Publications. Sydney Medical School|
|OBRIEN_2014PMB.pdf||978.44 kB||Adobe PDF|
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