|Title:||Optimizing 4DCBCT Projection Allocation to Respiratory Bins|
|Citation:||Phys Med Biol. 2014 Oct 7;59(19):5631-49.|
|Abstract:||Four dimensional cone beam computed tomography (4DCBCT) is an emerging image guidance strategy used in radiotherapy where projections acquired during a scan are sorted into respiratory bins based on the respiratory phase or displacement. 4DCBCT reduces the motion blur caused by respiratory motion but increases streaking artefacts due to projection under-sampling as a result of the irregular nature of patient breathing and the binning algorithms used. For displacement binning the streak artefacts are so severe that displacement binning is rarely used clinically. The purpose of this study is to investigate if sharing projections between respiratory bins and adjusting the location of respiratory bins in an optimal manner can reduce or eliminate streak artefacts in 4DCBCT images. We introduce a mathematical optimization framework and a heuristic solution method, which we will call the optimized projection allocation algorithm, to determine where to position the respiratory bins and which projections to source from neighbouring respiratory bins. Five 4DCBCT datasets from three patients were used to reconstruct 4DCBCT images. Projections were sorted into respiratory bins using equispaced, equal density and optimized projection allocation. The standard deviation of the angular separation between projections was used to assess streaking and the consistency of the segmented volume of a ducial gold marker was used to assess motion blur. The standard deviation of the angular separation between projections using displacement binning and optimized projection allocation was 30%-50% smaller than conventional phase based binning and 59%-76% smaller than conventional displacement binning indicating more uniformly spaced projections and fewer streaking artefacts. The standard deviation in the marker volume was 20%-90% smaller when using optimized projection allocation than using conventional phase based binning suggesting more uniform marker segmentation and less motion blur. Images reconstructed using displacement binning and the optimized projection allocation algorithm were clearer, contained visibly fewer streak artefacts and produced more consistent marker segmentation than those reconstructed with either equispaced or equal-density binning. The optimized projection allocation algorithm signi cantly improves image quality in 4DCBCT images and provides, for the rst time, a method to consistently generate high quality displacement binned 4DCBCT images in clinical applications.|
|Type of Work:||Article|
|Type of Publication:||Pre-print|
|Appears in Collections:||Research Papers and Publications. Sydney Medical School|
|OBRIEN2014B_PMB.pdf||1.59 MB||Adobe PDF|
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