|Title:||A longitudinal proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy study investigating oxidative stress as a result of alcohol and tobacco use in youth with bipolar disorder|
|Authors:||Chitty, Kate M.|
Hickie, Ian B.
Hermens, Daniel F.
Discipline of Pharmacology
Anterior cingulate cortex
|Citation:||Kate M. Chitty, , Jim Lagopoulos, Ian B. Hickie, Daniel F. Hermens. A longitudinal proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy study investigating oxidative stress as a result of alcohol and tobacco use in youth with bipolar disorder. J Affect Disord. 2015; 175: 481-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2015.01.021.|
|Abstract:||Alcohol and tobacco have been suggested to be "aggravating factors" for neuroprogression in bipolar disorder (BD), however the impact of these substances on the underlying neurobiology is limited. Oxidative stress is a key target for research into neuroprogression in BD and in accordance with this model, our previous cross-sectional studies have found that risky alcohol and tobacco use in BD is associated with increased oxidative stress, investigated via in vivo glutathione (GSH) measured by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). What remains unknown is whether the negative impact on GSH levels can be modified as a result of limiting alcohol and tobacco use. Thirty BD patients were included in the study. (1)H-MRS and tobacco and alcohol measures were conducted at baseline and follow-up assessments (15.5±4.6 months apart). Pearson׳s correlations were performed between percentage change in GSH concentration and changes in alcohol/tobacco use. Regression analyses were then conducted to further explore the significant correlations. An increase in GSH was associated with a decrease in alcohol consumption (r=-0.381, p<0.05) and frequency of tobacco use (-0.367, p=0.05). Change in alcohol consumption, tobacco use and age were significant predictors of change in GSH concentration (F (3, 26)=3.69, p<0.05). Due to the high comorbidity of alcohol and tobacco use in the sample, the individual effects of these substances on GSH levels could not be determined. This study offers longitudinal evidence that changing risky drinking patterns and tobacco use early in the course of BD is associated with improvements in antioxidant capacity, and therefore may be specific targets for early intervention and prevention of neuroprogression in BD.|
|Department/Unit/Centre:||Discipline of Pharmacology|
|Type of Work:||Article|
|Type of Publication:||Post print|
|Appears in Collections:||Research Papers and Publications. Discipline of Pharmacology|
|Chitty_JAD_2015.pdf||281.43 kB||Adobe PDF|
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