|Title:||Evaluation of serum galactomannan detection for diagnosis of feline upper respiratory tract aspergillosis|
Dhand, Navneet K.
|Citation:||Whitney, J., Beatty, J. A., Martin, P., Dhand, N. K., Briscoe, K., & Barrs, V. R. (2013). Evaluation of serum galactomannan detection for diagnosis of feline upper respiratory tract aspergillosis. Vet Microbiol, 162(1), 180-185. Available at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378113512005007|
|Abstract:||Measurement of serum galactomannan (GM), a polysaccharide fungal cell-wall component, is a non-invasive test for early diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis in humans. Feline upper respiratory tract (URT) aspergillosis is an emerging infectious disease in cats. Diagnosis requires biopsy for procurement of tissue specimens for cytological or histological detection of fungal hyphae and for fungal culture. The aim of this study was to evaluate serum GM measurement as a non-invasive diagnostic test for URT aspergillosis in cats. A one-stage, immunoenzymatic sandwich ELISA was used to detect serum GM in 4 groups of cats; Group 1 (URT aspergillosis) – confirmed URT aspergillosis (n=13, sinonasal aspergillosis (SNA) n=6, sino-orbital aspergillosis (SOA) n=7), Group 2 (URT other) – other URT diseases (n=15), Group 3 (β-lactam) – cats treated with β-lactam antibiotics for non-respiratory tract disease (n=14), Group 4a – healthy young cats (≤ 1y of age, n=28), Group 4b – healthy adult cats (>1 y of age, n=16). One cat with SNA and two cats with SOA caused by an Aspergillus fumigatus-mimetic species, tested positive for serum GM. For a cut-off optical density index of 1.5, the overall sensitivity and specificity of the assay was 23% and 78% respectively. False positive results occurred in 29 % of cats in Group 3 and 32% of cats in Group 4a. Specificity increased to 90% when Groups 3 and 4a were excluded from the analysis. Overall, serum GM measurement has a poor sensitivity but is a moderately specific, non-invasive screening test to rule out infection in patients with suspected feline upper respiratory tract aspergillosis.|
|Type of Work:||Article|
|Type of Publication:||Post-print|
|Appears in Collections:||Research Papers and Publications. Veterinary Science|
|evaluation-of-serum-PP-2013.pdf||307.52 kB||Adobe PDF|
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