|Title:||Optimization of a whole blood gamma interferon assay for the detection of sheep infected with Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis|
|Authors:||Bosward, Katrina L.|
Dhand, Navneet K.
Begg, Douglas J.
Thomson, Peter C.
Emery, David L.
Whittington, Richard J.
|Publisher:||Sage with American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians|
|Citation:||Bosward, K. L., Dhand, N. K., Begg, D. J., Thomson, P. C., Emery, D. L., & Whittington, R. J. (2010). Optimization of a whole blood gamma interferon assay for the detection of sheep infected with Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 22(2), 210-217.|
|Abstract:||The capacity of a commercially available gamma interferon (IFNγ) assay to detect infected sheep early in the pathogenesis of Johne's disease enables the removal of such animals from the flock before bacterial shedding and pasture contamination. However, nonspecific IFNγ responses in the assay have meant that to achieve high-test specificity, there has been a reduction in sensitivity. Although the optimal conditions for the use of the assay in cattle have been well documented, there have been few studies optimizing the assay for use in sheep. The current study details the effect of anticoagulant, duration of incubation, cell concentration, blood storage temperature, time of stimulation of cells with antigen relative to time of sample collection, and temperatures during transit on IFNγ synthesis. Maximal IFNγ synthesis occurred with incubation periods of 48 hr in blood collected into heparinized tubes. Decreasing the leukocyte population by diluting the total peripheral blood leukocyte concentration was associated with a decreasing IFNγ response. Conversely, concentrating the peripheral blood concentration 2-fold resulted in an increase in the IFNγ production. In field studies, immediate incubation of blood samples with antigen at 37°C resulted in larger IFNγ responses; however, significantly lower IFNγ values were obtained if the samples were transported at ambient temperature. The results of this study indicate that optimization of the IFNγ assay may enable increased synthesis of IFNγ during the stimulation phase of the assay and that future work may determine whether this translates to increased sensitivity of the assay in detecting early infections in sheep. Bovigam assay, gamma interferon, Johne's disease, paratuberculosis, sheep|
|Rights and Permissions:||JVDI content is open access after a 12-month embargo (https://au.sagepub.com/en-gb/oce/journal-of-veterinary-diagnostic-investigation/journal202058#description)|
|Type of Work:||Article|
|Type of Publication:||Publisher version|
|Appears in Collections:||Research Papers and Publications. Veterinary Science|
|optimization-of-a-whole-pdf-2010.pdf||399.35 kB||Adobe PDF|