|Title:||Spatial Characterization of Electrogram Morphology from Transmural Recordings in the Intact Normal Heart|
|Abstract:||Purpose: Unipolar (UE) and bipolar electrograms (BE) are utilized to identify arrhythmogenic substrate. We quantified the effect of increasing distance from the source of propagation on local electrogram amplitude; and determined if transmural electrophysiological gradients exist with respect to propagation and stimulation depth. Methods: Mapping was performed on 5 sheep. Deployment of >50 quadripolar transmural needles in the LV were located in Cartesian space using Ensite. Contact electrograms from all needles were recorded during multisite bipolar pacing from epicardial then endocardial electrodes. Analysis was performed to determine stimulus distance to local activation time, peak negative amplitude (V-P¬), and peak-peak amplitude (VP-P) for (1) unfiltered UE, and (2) unfiltered and 30Hz high-pass filtered BEs. Each sheep was analysed using repeated ANOVA. Results: Increasing distance from the pacing sites led to significant (p<0.01) attenuation of UEs (V-P=7.0±0.5%; VP-P=5.4±0.3% per cm). Attenuation of BE with distance was insignificant (Vp-p unfiltered=2.2±0.5%; filtered=1.7±1.4% per cm). Independent of pacing depth, significant (p<0.01) transmural electrophysiological gradients were observed, with highest amplitude occurring at epicardial layers for UE and endocardial layers for BE. Furthermore, during pacing, propagation was earlier at the epicardium than endocardial layer by 1.6±2.0ms (UE) and 1.4±2.8ms (BE) (all p>0.01) during endocardial stimulation, and 2.3±2.4ms (UE) and 1.8±3.7ms (BE) during epicardal stimulation (all p<0.01). Conclusions: Electrogram amplitude is inversely proportional to propagation distance for unipolar modalities only, which affected V-P > VP-P. Conduction propagates preferentially via the epicardium during stimulation and is believed to contribute to a transmural amplitude gradient.|
|Description:||The electrophysiological cardiac data relating to this research are included in the file named "pouliopoulos_etal_propagation_data_plosone.xlsx"|
|Type of Work:||Dataset|
|Appears in Collections:||Research Papers and Publications. Sydney Medical School|
|pouliopoulos_etal_propagation_data_plosone.xlsx||Main data set||8.51 MB||Microsoft Excel|
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