This second paper reports on a small ethnographic study
of Argentine psychiatrists. A carefully selected group of
six psychiatrists currently practicing in Buenos Aires par-
ticipated in an in-depth semi-structured interview. The
transcripts of the interviews were coded and a thematic
analysis method was applied to construct a local theory
of the professional values constructed by Argentine psy-
chiatrists, and the circumstances in which such values were
constructed. Our analysis indicated that Argentine psychia-
trists constructed a number of values, frequently perceived
as obligations to their professional group and the needs
of their patients. The two main strategies employed by Ar-
gentine psychiatrists were the diagnostic act and advocacy.
We also identify that these values emerge in the context
of recent broad historical and cultural influences upon the profession of psychiatry in Argentina, and the Argentine
population in general.