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|Title: ||The Emulsion Polymerization of Vinyl Acetate|
|Authors: ||De Bruyn, Hank|
|Keywords: ||emulsion polymerization, kinetics, vinyl acetate, persulfate, gamma, free radicals|
|Issue Date: ||1999|
|Publisher: ||University of Sydney, Chemistry|
|Abstract: ||Abstract This work investigates the kinetics of the emulsion polymerization of vinyl acetate. Several aspects of this system have been clarified, including the induced decomposition of persulfate, retardation by oxygen and entry by, and analysis of, the aqueous phase oligomeric radicals. It has been shown that the retardation period observed in the emulsion polymerization of VAc can be explained by the effect of traces of oxygen (< 10-6 M) on the entry efficiency of the initiator-derived aqueous-phase oligomeric radicals. Comparison of rates of polymerization in V and persulfate -initiated polymerizations together with electrospray mass spectrometry of aqueous phase oligomers, has shown that the mechanism for the induced decomposition of persulfate by vinyl acetate is chain transfer to initiator from aqueous-phase oligomeric radicals. A value has been determined for the rate coefficient for transfer to initiator, by fitting literature data to a model based on this mechanism. The reported independence of the rate of polymerization from the monomer concentration in the emulsion polymerization of vinyl acetate has been investigated. Possible explanations for this behaviour have been proposed and tested in this work, by measuring radical-loss rates directly with y-relaxation techniques. Although the Y relaxations were found to be affected by experimental artefacts, it has been demonstrated that rapid exit is not responsible for the high radical-loss rates in this system. The major artefact identified in the y relaxations was the significant effect of relatively small exotherms on relaxation behaviour, Methodologies were developed for correcting affected data and for avoiding exotherms under certain conditions. Arrhenius parameters were determined for the rate coefficient for chain transfer to monomer using the In^M method, which utilises the whole MWD. This section of the work is incomplete, for reasons detailed in chapter 5. However, as a preliminary indication it was found that the frequency factor was 106.38 M-1 s-1 and the activation energy was 38.8 kJ mol-1.|
|Rights and Permissions: ||Copyright De Bruyn, Hank;http://www.library.usyd.edu.au/copyright.html|
|Appears in Collections:||Sydney Digital Theses (Open Access)|
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