|Title:||The Female and Male Orphan Schools in New South Wales, 1801-1850|
|Authors:||Bubacz, Beryl M|
|Keywords:||Male Orphan Institution of New South Wales -- History.|
Male Orphan School (Bonnyrigg, N.S.W.) -- History.
Female Orphan School (Sydney, N.S.W.) -- History.
Female Orphan School (Parramatta, N.S.W.) -- History.
Children -- Institutional care -- New South Wales -- Sydney -- History.
Orphanages -- New South Wales -- Sydney -- History.
|Publisher:||University of Sydney.|
Faculty of Education and Social Work
|Abstract:||This thesis is concerned with an examination and re-assessment of the establishment, operation and management of the Female and Male Orphan Schools, in the first half of the nineteenth century in New South Wales. The chaplains and governors in the early penal settlement were faced with a dilemma, as they beheld the number of children who were ‘orphaned’, neglected, abandoned and destitute. In order to understand the reasons why these children were in necessitous circumstances, the thesis seeks to examine the situations of the convict women, who were the mothers of these children. Governors Philip Gidley King and Lachlan Macquarie respectively in 1801 and 1819 established the Schools, which provided elementary education, training and residential care within a religious setting. Researching the motives underlying the actions of these men has been an important part of the thesis. An examination of the social backgrounds of some of the children admitted to these Schools has been undertaken, in order to provide a greater understanding of the conditions under which the children were living prior to their admissions. Information about family situations, and the social problems encountered by parents that led them to place their children in the Schools, have been explored. The avenues open to the girls and boys when they left the Schools, has formed part of the study. Some children were able to be reunited with family members, but the majority of them were apprenticed. A study of the nature of these apprenticeships, has led to a greater understanding of employment opportunities for girls and boys at that time. In 1850 the Schools were amalgamated into the Protestant Orphan School at Parramatta. By examining the governance and operation of the Schools during their last two decades as separate entities, we have more knowledge about and understanding of these two colonial institutions. It is the conclusion of this thesis that some of the harsher judgements of revisionist social historians need to be modified. It was the perception that more social disorder would occur if action was not taken to ‘rescue’ the ‘orphaned’ children, usually of convict parentage. However genuine charity, philanthropy and concern was displayed for the children in grave physical and moral danger. The goals of the founders were not always reached in the Orphan Schools, nevertheless they performed an invaluable service in the lives of many children.|
|Description:||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Rights and Permissions:||The author retains copyright of this thesis.|
|Type of Work:||PhD Doctorate|
|Appears in Collections:||Sydney Digital Theses (Open Access)|
|01BubaczThesisPart1Chs1&2.pdf||1.71 MB||Adobe PDF|
|02BubaczThesisPart2Ch3.pdf||5 MB||Adobe PDF|
|03BubaczThesisPart2Ch4.pdf||6.38 MB||Adobe PDF|
|04BubaczThesisPart3Ch5.pdf||828.82 kB||Adobe PDF|
|05BubaczThesisPart3Ch6.pdf||9 MB||Adobe PDF|
|06BubaczThesisPart4Ch7.pdf||3.37 MB||Adobe PDF|
|07BubaczThesisPart4Ch8.pdf||4.37 MB||Adobe PDF|
|08BubaczThesisConclusion.pdf||677.94 kB||Adobe PDF|
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