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dc.contributor.authorAhmadi, Sirous
dc.date.accessioned2008-02-28
dc.date.available2008-02-28
dc.date.issued2007-01-01
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2123/2240
dc.descriptionDoctor of Philosophyen
dc.description.abstractIn this thesis, three experiments were conducted to monitor: (i) muscle oxygenation and electromyographic activity of the biceps brachii after exercise-induced muscle damage (ii) muscle oxygenation after downhill walking-induced muscle damage, and, (iii) muscle oxygenation following a bout of vigorous concentric exercise. Maximal eccentric exercise (EE) of biceps brachii resulted in significantly increased mean resting oxygen saturation and decreased deoxyhaemoglobin. During isometric contractions at 50% and 80% of subjects’ maximum voluntary torque (MVT), oxygen desaturation and resaturation kinetics and volume were significantly decreased after EE, and these declines were significantly prevalent over the following 6 days. Additionally, a significant shift in median frequency intercept (measured by electromyography; EMG) towards lower frequencies was observed during isometric contractions at both 50% and 80% MVT after EE in the exercised arm. After an exhaustive session of downhill walking, another form of EE, resting total haemoglobin and oxyhaemoglobin decreased. Furthermore, during isometric contractions at 30%, 50% and 80% of MVT, prolonged and significant increases were observed in oxygen desaturation and resaturation kinetics and volumes after ambulatory EE. In contrast to the two EE experiments, concentric contractions did not evoke any prolonged changes in muscle oxygenation. Collectively, the findings of this thesis revealed significant and prolonged changes in muscle oxygenation at rest and during exercise, following sessions of strenuous eccentric exercise. Although not clear, the possible mechanism responsible for the changes in muscle oxygenation after EE could be increased resting muscle oxygen utilization due to probable muscle damage and a subsequent requirement of energy demanding repair processes. Concentric exercise resulted in fatigue, but it did not affect muscle oxygenation. Although a prolonged reduction in EMG median frequency intercept was observed after EE, this was not closely time-associated with the biochemical, anthropometric or functional markers of muscle damage.en
dc.publisherUniversity of Sydney.en
dc.publisherDiscipline of Exercise and Sport Science, Faculty of Health Sciencesen
dc.rightsThe author retains copyright of this thesis.
dc.rights.urihttp://www.library.usyd.edu.au/copyright.html
dc.subjectMuscle oxygenationen
dc.subjectMuscle blood flowen
dc.subjectEccentric exerciseen
dc.subjectNear infrared spectroscopyen
dc.subjectElectromyographyen
dc.subjectDownhill walkingen
dc.subjectConcentric exercise.en
dc.titleMonitoring muscle oxygenation and myoelectric activity after damage-inducing exerciseen
dc.typePhD Doctorateen
dc.date.valid2007-01-01en


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