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dc.contributor.authorVaarzon-Morel, Petronella
dc.contributor.authorWafer, Jim
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-03T02:14:06Z
dc.date.available2019-08-03T02:14:06Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.citation“Bilingual time” at Willowra: The beginnings of a community-initiated program, 1976-1977. In Brian Devlin, Nancy Devlin and Samantha Disbray (eds.) History of bilingual education in the Northern Territory: People, programs and policies, pp. 35-47. Singapore: Springer.en_AU
dc.identifier.isbn978-981-10-2078-0
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2123/20843
dc.description.abstractFormal schooling began at the Warlpiri-speaking community of Willowra, in north-western Central Australia, in 1968. When the present authors arrived at the school in 1976, to take up positions as the new teachers, many adults spoke An- matyerr in addition to Warlpiri, and also “station English”, which they had learnt while working in the pastoral industry. Few younger children spoke English, but were expected to learn to read and write it at the school, which was still something of a foreign country for them and their families. The educational material provided was largely irrelevant to them, and little printed matter existed outside of the school, with only a few Warlpiri adults able to read it. People’s understandings of the meaning of school derived from visible, pedagogic practices characteristic of mainstream schools; for example, children were required to wear uniforms, sit at desks and learn to write using pencils. Yet, despite the alien nature of school, the community came to embrace it, transforming its relevance and role in their lives through the introduction of a Warlpiri-English bilingual program. In this chapter we review “bilingual time” (as it is remembered at Willowra) in the years we spent there in 1976-1977, when the bilingual program was introduced. We set our narrative in the context of policy conflicts that eventually led to the dismantling of the program in the early 2000s, and consider the advantages of the short-lived pol- icy environment in which we operated, which was school-based and community- oriented.en_AU
dc.description.sponsorshipAustralian Research Council Linkage Project LP140100806 "Reintegrating community cultural collections"en_AU
dc.language.isoen_AUen_AU
dc.publisherSpringeren_AU
dc.relation.ispartofseriesLanguage Policy, volume 12en_AU
dc.rightsThis material is copyright. Other than for the purposes of and subject to the conditions prescribed under the Copyright Act, no part of it may in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, microcopying, photocopying, recording or otherwise) be altered, reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted without prior written permission from the University of Sydney Library and/or the appropriate author.en
dc.source.urihttp://www.usyd.edu.au/disclaimer.shtmlen
dc.subjectlanguage policyen_AU
dc.subjectWarlpirien_AU
dc.subjectbilingual educationen_AU
dc.title“Bilingual time” at Willowra: The beginnings of a community-initiated program, 1976-1977en_AU
dc.typeBook chapteren_AU
dc.contributor.departmentSydney Conservatorium of Musicen_AU
dc.contributor.departmentPARADISECen_AU


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