|Title:||Contribution of Changing Risk Factors to the Trend in Breech Presentation at Term|
|Authors:||Bin, Yu Sun|
Roberts, Christine L.
Nicholl, Michael C.
Ford, Jane B.
external cephalic version
|Citation:||Bin YS, Roberts CL, Nicholl MC, Nassar N. Ford JB. Contribution of Changing Risk Factors to the Trend in Breech Presentation at Term. Australian New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2016 56(6): 564-570|
|Abstract:||Background: Recent population-wide changes in perinatal risk factors may affect rates of breech presentation at birth, and have implications for the provision of breech services and clinical training in breech management. Aims: To determine the trend in breech presentation at term and investigate whether changes in maternal and pregnancy characteristics explain the observed trend. Materials and Methods: All singleton term (≥37 week) births in New South Wales during 2002 – 2012 were identified through birth and associated hospital records. Annual rates of breech presentation were determined. Logistic regression modelling was used to predict expected rates of breech presentation over time and these were compared with observed rates. A priori predictors included maternal age, country of birth, parity, smoking during pregnancy, diabetes, pregnancy hypertension, placenta praevia, previous singleton term breech, previous caesarean section, infant sex, gestational age, birthweight, and congenital anomalies. Hospital and Medicare data were used to assess trends in external cephalic version. Results: Among 914,147 singleton term births, 3.1% were breech at delivery. Rates declined from 3.6% in 2002 to 2.7% in 2012 (test for trend p<0.001). Breech presentation was predicted to increase from 3.6% in 2002 to 4.3% in 2012 because of increased maternal age, nulliparity, maternal diabetes, history of breech presentation and previous caesarean section. Use of external cephalic version appears to have increased over time. Conclusions: Breech presentation at delivery has decreased in New South Wales. Increased use of external cephalic version likely accounts for this decline, as changes in risk factors do not.|
|Type of Work:||Article|
|Type of Publication:||Pre-print|
|Appears in Collections:||Healthy Start to Life|
|Bin_2016_ANZJOG_ChangingRFBreech_pre-proof.pdf||441.57 kB||Adobe PDF|