|Title:||A Critical Practice Model For Physiotherapy|
|Authors:||Trede, Franziska Veronika|
|Keywords:||Physical therapy -- Practice.|
Physical therapy -- Social aspects.
|Publisher:||University of Sydney.|
School of Physiotherapy
|Abstract:||A perspective in critical social science is concerned with knowledge, power and critique. This thesis explores the question: What would physiotherapy practice look like if it were informed by critical social science? This question originated from four observations: (1) physiotherapists work with constantly changing health care demands, (2) traditional practice approaches underpinned by rational objectivity widen the gap between theory and practice, (3) professional judgments are based on more than objective, rational thinking, and (4) concluding from the first three observations clinical physiotherapists rely more and more on thinking for themselves. If physiotherapists were to adopt a critical social science perspective they would question their practice, identify taken-for-granted, unreflected assumptions and unnecessary system constraints and liberate themselves, their practice and patients, thereby enhancing both the quality of patient care and the practitioner’s professional work experience. Following the hermeneutic tradition I constructed texts from pertinent literature as well as transcripts from participants’ interviews, action plans and field notes. I developed an integrative design to interpret these texts drawing from philosophical and critical hermeneutics as well as action research. The question and answer dialogue methodology consisted of four cycles including deep, critical and transformative dimensions. These I labelled critical transformative dialogues. The first dialogue was with the critical social science literature and with the Gadamer-Habermas and Foucault- Habermas debates in particular. These debates addressed issues of rationality, knowledge and power. Further, I reviewed relevant education, nursing and health promotion literature that addressed these critical social science themes. This first dialogue crystallised my identification of key CSS dimensions relevant to physiotherapy practice. The second dialogue comprised physiotherapy literature that related to these identified critical social science dimensions, as well as transcripts from physiotherapists’ interviews. This dialogue critically interpreted current practice models in their historical, educational and practice contexts. It highlighted the finding that physiotherapy practice is currently dominated by instrumental thinking rather than critical thinking, and that there is a lack of engagement of physiotherapy practice with CSS. The third dialogue was with physiotherapists trialling CSS in practice. Physiotherapists of this trialling group designed action learning “contracts” where they set out to change their practice in the sense of adopting CSS principles and activities in their practice. I explored with these participants how CSS could work or fit in their practice and practice contexts and how this would be experienced. Through this action learning project of endeavouring to transform their practice towards a CSS model I explored participants’ capacity to learn about posing problems concerning their practice, recognise practice contradictions, experience practice challenges and recognise their motivations and interests. This exploration illuminated the viability of CSS in their practice. The fourth dialogue was with physiotherapists who operationalised CSS values or who could visualise a CSS framework for their practice whether they used this terminology or not. This dialogue brought critical understanding of the advantages and potential limitations of realising a CSS-centred physiotherapy practice. I conclude the thesis with twelve propositions arising from these four critical transformative dialogues. Based on the trialling, transforming and visioning of CSS as a model for physiotherapy practice, the relevance of these propositions for critical physiotherapy practice is asserted and implications for education and further research are discussed. The contribution that CSS can make to physiotherapy practice is to add critical transformative dialogues as a strategy to advance practice that is patient-centred and multidisciplinary in approach, inclusive of sociopolitical environments, mindful of professional power and open about professional values.|
|Description:||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Rights and Permissions:||The author retains copyright of this thesis.|
|Type of Work:||PhD Doctorate|
|Appears in Collections:||Sydney Digital Theses (Open Access)|
|01front.pdf||37.55 kB||Adobe PDF|
|02whole.pdf||1.71 MB||Adobe PDF|
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