|Title:||Treatment of vaginal candidiasis for the prevention of preterm birth: a systematic review and meta-analysis|
|Authors:||Roberts, Christine L.|
Algert, Charles S.
Rickard, Kristen L
Morris, Jonathan M.
Kolling Institute of Medical Research, University of Sydney, NSW Australia
randomized controlled trial
|Citation:||The final version of this paper was published in Systematic reviews 2015;4(31): DOI 10.1186/s13643-015-0018-2|
|Abstract:||Abstract Background: Recognition that ascending infection leads to preterm birth has led to a number of studies that have evaluated the treatment of vaginal infections in pregnancy to reduce preterm birth rates. However, the role of candidiasis is relatively unexplored. Our aim was to undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess whether treatment of pregnant women with vulvovaginal candidiasis reduces preterm birth rates and other adverse birth outcomes. Methods: We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in which pregnant women were treated for vulvovaginal candidias (compared to placebo or no treatment) and where preterm birth was reported as an outcome. Trials were identified by searching the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline and Embase databases to January 2014. Trial eligibility and outcomes were pre-specified. Two reviewers independently assessed the studies against the agreed criteria and extracted relevant data using a standard data extraction form. Meta-analysis was used to calculate pooled rate ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) using a fixed-effects model. Results: There were 2 eligible RCTs both among women with asymptomatic candidiasis, with a total of 685 women randomised. Both trials compared treatment with usual care (no screening for, or treatment of, asymptomatic candidiasis). Data from one trial involved a post-hoc analysis of a larger trial of treatment of asymptomatic infections in pregnancy (n=586) and the other was a pilot study (n=99). There was a significant reduction in spontaneous preterm births in treated compared with untreated women (meta-analysis RR=0.36, 95%CI 0.17-0.75). No other outcomes were assessed by both trials. Conclusions: This systematic review found two trials comparing treatment of vaginal candidiasis in pregnancy for the outcome of preterm birth. Although the effect estimate provides support for the hypothesis that treatment of asymptomatic candidiasis may reduce 3 the risk of preterm birth, the result needs to be interpreted with caution as the primary driver for the pooled estimate comes from a post-hoc analysis. A prospective trial with sufficient power to answer the clinical question ‘does treatment of asymptomatic candidiasis in early pregnancy prevent preterm birth’ is warranted.|
|Department/Unit/Centre:||Kolling Institute of Medical Research, University of Sydney, NSW Australia|
|Type of Work:||Article|
|Type of Publication:||Pre-print|
|Appears in Collections:||Healthy Start to Life|
|Roberts CL_Candida and PTB_submitted.pdf||Article||300.61 kB||Adobe PDF|
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