|dc.contributor.author||Lawrence, Felix James||-|
|dc.identifier.citation||Lawrence, F. J. et al. “Antireflection coatings for two-dimensional photonic crystals using a rigorous impedance definition”. Appl.Phys. Lett. 93, 1114 (2008)
|dc.identifier.citation||Lawrence, F. J. et al. “Impedance of square and triangular lattice photonic crystals”. Phys. Rev. A 80, 23826 (2009)
|dc.identifier.citation||Lawrence, F. J. et al. “Photonic-crystal surface modes found fromimpedances”. Phys. Rev. A 82, 053840 (2010)
|dc.identifier.citation||Lawrence, F. J. et al. “A flexible Bloch mode method for computing complex band structures and impedances of two-dimensional photonic crystals”. J. Appl. Phys. 111, 013105 (2012)
|dc.description||Doctor of Philosophy||en_AU|
|dc.description.abstract||We present a rigorous definition of a wave impedance for 2D rectangular and triangular lattice photonic crystals (PCs), in the form of a matrix.
Reflection and transmission at an interface between PCs can be represented by matrices that relate the Bloch mode (eigenmode) amplitudes in the two PCs; we show that these matrices, which are multi-mode generalisations of reflection and transmission coefficients, may be calculated from the PCs' impedances that we define.
Given the impedances and Bloch factors (propagation constants) of a collection of PCs, the reflection and transmission properties of arbitrary stacks of these PCs may be calculated efficiently using a few matrix operations. Therefore our definition enables PC-based antireflection coatings to be designed efficiently: some computationally expensive simulations are required in an initial step to find a range of PCs' impedances, but then the reflectances of every coating that consists of a stack of these PCs can be calculated without any further simulations.
We first define the PC impedance from the transfer matrix of a single PC layer (i.e., a grating). Since transfer matrix methods are not especially widespread, we also present a method and associated source code to extract a PC's propagating and evanescent Bloch modes from a scattering calculation that can be performed by any off-the-shelf field solver, and to calculate impedances from the extracted modal fields.
Finally, we put our method to use. We apply it to design antireflection coatings, nearly eliminating reflection at a single frequency for one or both polarisations, or lowering it across a larger bandwidth.
We use it to find surface modes at interfaces between PCs and air, and their projected band structures. We use the impedance to define effective parameters for PC homogenisation, and we briefly describe how our definition has been used to dispersion engineer a PC waveguide.||en_AU|
|dc.publisher||School of Physics||en_AU|
|dc.publisher||Faculty of Science||en_AU|
|dc.rights||The author retains copyright of this thesis.||-|
|dc.subject||electromagnetic surface modes||en_AU|
|dc.title||Photonic crystal antireflection coatings, surface modes, and impedances||en_AU|
|Appears in Collections:||Sydney Digital Theses (Open Access)|