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|Title: ||History of Inter-Group Conflict and Violence in Modern Fiji|
|Authors: ||Ramesh, Sanjay|
|Keywords: ||Fiji, inter-group theory, conflict, violence|
|Issue Date: ||Apr-2011|
|Publisher: ||University of Sydney.|
Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies
|Abstract: ||The thesis analyses inter-group conflict in Fiji within the framework of inter-group theory, popularised by Gordon Allport, who argued that inter-group conflict arises out of inter-group prejudice, which is historically constructed and sustained by dominant groups. Furthermore, Allport hypothesised that there are three attributes of violence: structural and institutional violence in the form of discrimination, organised violence and extropunitive violence in the form of in-group solidarity. Using history as a method, I analyse the history of inter-group conflict in Fiji from 1960 to 2006. I argue that inter-group conflict in Fiji led to the institutionalisation of discrimination against Indo-Fijians in 1987 and this escalated into organised violence in 2000. Inter-group tensions peaked in Fiji during the 2006 general elections as ethnic groups rallied behind their own communal constituencies as a show of in-group solidarity and produced an electoral outcome that made multiparty governance stipulated by the multiracial 1997 Constitution impossible. Using Allport’s recommendations on mitigating inter-group conflict in divided communities, the thesis proposes a three-pronged approach to inter-group conciliation in Fiji, based on implementing national identity, truth and reconciliation and legislative reforms.|
|Rights and Permissions: ||The author retains copyright of this thesis.|
|Type of Work: ||Masters Thesis|
|Appears in Collections:||Sydney Digital Theses (Open Access)|
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