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|Title: ||The Epidemiology of Osteoporosis in the Frail Institutionalized Elderly|
|Authors: ||Zochling, Jane Margaret|
|Issue Date: ||2003|
|Publisher: ||University of Sydney. Department of Rheumatology|
|Abstract: ||As our population ages, the proportion of frail elderly people requiring assisted accommodation in aged care facilities is increasing. This population is at high risk of falls and fractures, which bring significant morbidity and mortality. The prevalence of osteoporosis also increases with age, but there have been few studies of bone density in residents of hostels and nursing homes. This thesis looked at the prevalence of osteoporosis and falls in elderly people in residential care, to define the size of the problem and identify risk factors for low bone density and falling, with particular reference to vitamin D levels. Two thousand and five men and women aged between 65 and 104 years were enrolled in the Falls and Fracture Risk in the Elderly Epidemiology (FREE) study between 1999 and 2003. The key findings from analysis of this population were firstly, that quantitative ultrasound (QUS) measures were higher in men than women independent of age, and that in men there was no significant decline in either BUA or VOS, but in women BUA declined by over 3% per decade and VOS by 1% per decade. Both ultrasound machines used in the study were shown to be reliable, with precision unaffected by advanced age. QUS was found to be sensitive to longitudinal change even in this frail elderly cohort. Vitamin D deficiency was found in the majority of elderly aged care facility residents but supplementation conferred higher serum 25-OH-vitamin D levels. Vitamin D levels were not shown to be related to BUA, VOS or the risk of falling in this population. Serum parathyroid hormone might be important in determining future falls risk. In summary, the results of this thesis give an important insight into the prevalence of osteoporosis and falls in the frail elderly, and how these might be predicted. Future study of prospective fracture rates in this group will then be able to assess relative risk factors for osteoporotic fracture, and identify those individuals who might benefit from directed fracture prevention strategies.|
|Rights and Permissions: ||Copyright Zochling, Jane Margaret;http://www.library.usyd.edu.au/copyright.html|
|Appears in Collections:||Sydney Digital Theses (Open Access)|
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