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|Title: ||Retrograde Cellular Transport of Herpes Simplex Virus: Interactions between Viral and Motor Proteins|
|Authors: ||Douglas, Mark William|
|Keywords: ||herpes simplex virus;dynein;molecular motors;axonal transport;viral proteins;microinjection|
|Issue Date: ||2005|
|Publisher: ||University of Sydney. Westmead Millennium Institute|
|Abstract: ||Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is a common human pathogen that establishes life-long latent infection in sensory neurones. This makes it potentially useful as a gene therapy vector to target neuronal cells. HSV-1 enters cells by membrane fusion, the viral envelope and most tegument proteins dissociate, and the capsid is transported to the cell nucleus to establish infection. There is increasing evidence that the retrograde transport of HSV-1 along sensory axons is mediated by cytoplasmic dynein, but the viral and cellular proteins involved are not known. Cytoplasmic dynein is the major molecular motor involved in minus-end-directed cellular transport along microtubules. It is a large complex molecule, with heavy chains providing motility, while intermediate and light chains are involved in specific cargo binding. A library of HSV-1 capsid and tegument structural genes was constructed and tested for interaction with dynein subunits in a yeast two-hybrid system. A strong interaction was demonstrated between the HSV-1 outer capsid protein VP26 (UL35), as well as the tegument protein VP11/12 (UL46), with the homologous 14 kDa dynein light chains rp3 and Tctex1. In vitro pull-down assays confirmed binding of VP26 to rp3, Tctex1 and cytoplasmic dynein complexes. Recombinant HSV-1 capsids +/- VP26 were used in similar pull-down assays. Only VP26+ capsids bound to rp3. Recombinant HSV-1 capsids were microinjected into living cells and incubated at 37ºC. After 1 h capsids were observed to co-localise with rp3, Tctex1 and microtubules. After 2 or 4 h VP26+ capsids had moved closer to the cell nucleus, while VP26- capsids remained in a random distribution. Our results suggest that the HSV-1 outer capsid protein VP26 mediates binding of incoming capsids to the retrograde motor cytoplasmic dynein during cellular infection, through interactions with dynein light chains. It is hoped that these findings will help in the development of a synthetic viral vector, which may allow targeted gene therapy in patients with neurological diseases.|
|Rights and Permissions: ||Copyright Douglas, Mark William;http://www.library.usyd.edu.au/copyright.html|
|Appears in Collections:||Sydney Digital Theses (Open Access)|
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