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|Title: ||A randomised controlled trial of oxygen therapy on growth and development of preterm infants|
|Authors: ||Askie, Lisa Maree|
|Keywords: ||oxygen therapy;pulse oximetry;chronic lung disease;preterm infant;neonatal outcomes;randomised controlled trial|
|Issue Date: ||2003|
|Publisher: ||University of Sydney. Public Health|
|Abstract: ||Background: Physiological studies have shown that many preterm infants and infants with chronic lung disease may suffer chronic hypoxaemia, which possibly leads to poor growth and development. Anecdotal reports indicate that there is a drive to increase the oxygen saturation target range to a higher level in these infants due primarily to perceived benefits derived from clinical experience and from uncontrolled observational studies of babies discharged on home oxygen. Objective The BOOST (Benefits Of Oxygen Saturation Targeting) trial is the first randomised trial to assess the long-term benefits and harms of two different oxygen saturation target ranges. Methods: BOOST was a multicentre, double blinded, randomised controlled trial that enrolled 358 infants born at less than 30 weeks� gestation who remained oxygen-dependent at 32 weeks postmenstrual age. They were randomly assigned to target either a functional oxygen saturation range of 91-94% (standard or control group) or 95-98% (higher or treatment group). The primary outcomes were growth and neurodevelopmental measures at 12 months corrected age. Secondary outcomes included length of hospital stay, retinopathy of prematurity, health service utilisation, parental stress, and infant temperament. Results: Prognostic baseline characteristics did not differ between the two groups. Mean birth weight and gestational age of enrolled infants was 917g and 26.5 weeks respectively. The rate of antenatal corticosteroid use was 83%.|
|Rights and Permissions: ||Copyright Askie, Lisa Maree;http://www.library.usyd.edu.au/copyright.html|
|Appears in Collections:||Sydney Digital Theses (Open Access)|
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