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|Title:||NMR DIFFUSION MEASUREMENTS OF COMPARTMENTALIZED AND MULTICOMPONENT BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS: Studies of Tropoelastin, the Self Association of N Methylacetamide, and q-Space Analysis of Real and Model Cell Suspensions|
|Authors:||Regan, David Gabriel|
|Keywords:||q-space;diffusion;tropoelastin;N-methylacetamide;nuclear magnetic resonance|
|Publisher:||University of Sydney. School of Molecular and Microbial Biosciences|
|Abstract:||Molecular diffusion is an inherent feature of all fluid systems. The processes and interactions that characterize these systems are in some way dependent upon the mobility of the component molecules. Pulsed field-gradient spin-echo nuclear magnetic resonance (PGSE NMR) is a powerful tool for the study of molecular diffusion; for heterogeneous systems, such as those typically found in biology, this technique is unsurpassed in the diversity of systems that yield to its probing. The aim of the work presented in this thesis was to use an integrated NMR-based approach, in conjunction with computer modeling, for the study of molecular diffusion in compartmentalized and multicomponent biological systems. Erythrocyte suspensions provided an ideal experimental system for the study of compartmentalized diffusion in cells. Water exchanges rapidly between the intra- and extracellular regions and, as the major constituent of the cell, provides a strong and predominant proton NMR signal. In addition, the cells are known to align in the strong static magnetic field of the spectrometer. As a consequence of these two properties, the signal intensity from a suitably designed series of PGSE NMR experiments exhibits a series of maxima and minima when graphed as a function of the magnitude of the spatial wave number vector q. The apparently periodic phenomenon is mathematically analogous to optical diffraction and interference and is referred to here as diffusion-coherence. It is the characterization of this phenomenon, with the aid of computer-based models, which was the focus of a major section of the work described herein. Two quite distinct molecular systems formed the basis of the work in which I investigated diffusion in multicomponent systems. Both systems involved molecules that undergo self-association such that at equilibrium a population distribution of different oligomeric species is present. The first of these was tropoelastin, the monomeric subunit of elastin, which under certain conditions aggregates to form a coacervate. The second system was N-methylacetamide (NMA) which also undergoes extensive self-association. NMA oligomers have previously been studied as peptide analogues due to the presence in the monomer of a peptide linkage. In this work the aim was to use PGSE NMR diffusion measurements, in a manner that is in many ways analogous to analytical ultracentrifugation, to obtain estimates of hydrodynamic and thermodynamic parameters. Computer modeling was also used extensively in this section of work for the interpretation of the experimental data.|
|Rights and Permissions:||Copyright Regan, David Gabriel;http://www.library.usyd.edu.au/copyright.html|
|Appears in Collections:||Sydney Digital Theses (Open Access)|
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