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|Title: ||Thermomechanical and Transformational Behaviour and Applications of Shape Memory Alloys and their Composites|
|Authors: ||Tsoi, Kelly Ann|
|Keywords: ||Shape memory alloys;SMA;composites;thermomechanical behaviour;impact damage|
|Issue Date: ||2002|
|Publisher: ||University of Sydney. Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering|
|Abstract: ||This thesis details an investigation into the properties and applications of shape memory alloy (SMA) composites. SMA-composites are a new material which have the possibility of having a large impact on what the structures as we know today, are constructed with. SMA-composites are adaptive materials which can be used to control the shape and frequencies of vibration of a structure. In order to determine the effectiveness of such a material, research into the functional properties of SMAs and SMA-composites was conducted. As an initial step, the transformation behaviour of constrained SMAs was investigated in order to obtain a better understanding into the recovery stress generation of these wires when embedded into a composite material. It is known that the transformation is based on two types of martensite within the alloy; self accommodating and preferentially oriented martensite. The amounts of each type and how they vary with differing pre-strain were determined through DSC measurements and an explanation for why preferentially oriented martensite is not observed during DSC testing was made. The next step was to investigate the effectiveness of embedding SMA wires into composites and the thermomechanical properties of the SMA wires and the SMA-composites were determined. This was completed using a specially designed tensile testing machine which was capable of having the whole specimen immersed into an oil bath and heated and cooled repeatedly. The stress-strain, strain-temperature, stress-temperature, resistance-strain and cyclic properties of various wires were obtained, giving a better understanding of the behaviour of SMA wires under different test conditions. NiTiCu SMA wires were embedded into kevlar composite materials and the recovery stress generation (stress-temperature), stress-strain, and strain-temperature behaviour was determined. If SMA-composites are to be used as new materials for structural applications, verification that the embedment of pre-strained SMA wires into the material doesn't adversely affect the impact behaviour needs to be carried out. SMA-composite specimens with varying volume fractions of superelastic SMA wires, pre-strain and position through the thickness were made up for impact damage characterisation. These specimens were impacted at three different energy levels. The results showed that by embedding SMA wires into composite materials there is a reasonably low damage accumulation after impact. There is also no adverse impact effect on the structure compared with structures without wires as well as structures with other types of wires such as steel and martensitic SMA wires. The SMA-composites showed good damping and energy absorption capabilities. A novel application of SMA-composites is their use as a SMA patch in order to repair damage in existing cracked metallic structures. An analytical study and finite element modelling showing the closure stresses obtainable for use as patches was made.|
|Rights and Permissions: ||Copyright Tsoi, Kelly Ann;http://www.library.usyd.edu.au/copyright.html|
|Appears in Collections:||Sydney Digital Theses (Open Access)|
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