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|Title: ||An investigation of the association between toxin producing staphylococcus, biochemical changes and jaw muscle pain.|
|Authors: ||McGregor, Neil Roland|
|Keywords: ||staphylococcus;staphylococcal toxaemia;staphylococcal membrane damaging toxins;pain aetiology;pain epidemiology;jaw muscle pain;myofascial pain syndrome;chronic fatigue syndrome;TMJ syndrome;stress;depression;protein metabolism;amino acid metabolism;urine amino acids;serum amino acids;serum electrolytes;2'5'A synthetase-RNase-L system;interleukin-6;soluble interleukin-2 receptor;organochlorine pesticides|
|Issue Date: ||1999|
|Publisher: ||University of Sydney. Prosthetic Dentistry|
|Abstract: ||Objectives: To assess the expression of the symptoms of jaw muscle pain and its association with alterations in biochemistry, other symptoms and the carriage of staphylococci. Methods: Three different study populations were assessed. The first was selected and examined by the author and consisted of 43 pain and 41 age and sex matched controls. The second was a study of CFS patients who were blinded to the author and the author subsequently examined the associations between jaw muscle symptom reporting and the standardised biochemistry measures. The third study was also blinded to the author but included an investigation of staphylococci and certain cytokine and biochemistry measures. Results: The three studies clearly establish an association between the carriage of toxicogenic coagulase negative staphylococci and the expression of jaw muscle pain in both males and females. These associations were homogeneous and were found whether the patients were selected on the basis of having jaw muscle pain or selected from within a population of patients selected on the basis of having Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. The studies associated the changes with variations in biochemistry and these were in turn associated with symptom expression within the jaw muscle pain patients. These biochemical alterations included the dysregulation of immune cell counts, cytokines, electrolyte and protein metabolism. These symptoms and biochemical changes were associated with pain severity and illness duration and staphylococcal toxin production. From the data a model was developed which shows the mechanisms involved in the development of chronic pain in the jaw muscles. Conclusions: The carriage of toxicogenic coagulase-negative staphylococci were found to be associated with the expression of jaw muscle pain and the alterations in biochemistry associated with these symptoms.|
|Rights and Permissions: ||Copyright McGregor, Neil Roland;http://www.library.usyd.edu.au/copyright.html|
|Appears in Collections:||Sydney Digital Theses (Open Access)|
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