The exhumation of clandestine graves by NGOs and relatives of the disappeared involves human rights narratives and scientific forensic techniques. This research investigates the meaning generated by the exhumation and reburial of victims of enforced disappearance in Spain. The dissertation is theoretically anchored in symbolic interactionism, and explores how contemporary forensic techniques enhancing the evidentiary value of the body to testify enable human remains to be constructed as political and national subjects and mortuary rights are used to reconstitute relations between the living and the dead. The investigation utilised ethnographic data produced from participant observation, semi-structured interviews and documentary analysis. Exploring the ability of legal activists to forge links globally through legal and forensic collaboration. The Law of Historical Memory was passed after successful lobbying to establish a legal avenue of recognition and access to documentation and sites for the purpose of exhumation and identification of the disappeared. The thesis provides an original contribution to the literature with respect to the continuing bonds that are established through the materiality of human remains, not simply the objects tied to life. The thesis offers significant contribution to ethnographic studies of forensic exhumations by addressing the involvement of Argentine national courts demands for exhumations. This reinforces human rights narratives, highlighting the capacity of national courts to pressure foreign legal and political systems. The movement aims to change the legal architecture that has prevented investigations and recognition of the past, contributing to the continued discrimination of the vanquished. The contribution to the literature on transitional justice is distinctive given the exhumations are not connected to legal investigations and the attribution of guilt. The thesis argues the exhumation serves wider needs for justice and reconciliation through the acknowledgment of the past as part of an inclusive national narrative through the use of forensic evidence. It is the resignification of the dead in the public sphere to revive the political struggles of the past.