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|Title:||Functions of the Cholinergic System in the Morbidities Associated with Alzheimer’s Disease and the Further Evaluation of Tools for the Molecular Imaging of this System|
|Authors:||Quinlivan, Mitchell Owen Jeffrey|
Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor
Vesicular Acetylcholine Transporter
|Publisher:||University of Sydney.|
Department of Pharmacology
|Abstract:||The aims of this project were to contribute to the elucidation of the role of the cholinergic system in attention and memory, two cognitive processes severely compromised in Alzheimer’s disease (AD), and to evaluate and develop tools for the functional molecular imaging of this system with a view to improving knowledge of AD and other neurological disorders. Towards the first aim, the specific anti-cholinergic toxin 192 IgG-saporin (SAP) was administered to female Sprague-Dawley rats via either an intracerebroventricular (icv) or an intracortical route and animals were tested with a vibrissal-stimulation reaction-time task and an object recognition task to evaluate their attentional and mnemonic function, respectively. The second aim was approached in two ways. Firstly, relative neuronal densities from animals with icv lesions were assessed with both ex vivo and in vitro autoradiography with the specific cholinergic radiopharmaceuticals [123I]iodobenzovesamicol (123IBVM) and 125I-A-85380, ligands for the vesicular acetylcholine transporter and the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, respectively. Secondly, a number of in vivo and in vitro studies were performed on a novel and unique molecular imaging system (TOHR), with which it had been hoped initially to image eventually SAP-lesioned animals, with a view to measuring and ameliorating its performance characteristics and assessing its in-principle suitability for small-animal molecular imaging. The behavioural studies support a critical role for the cholinergic system in normal attentional function. Additionally, in accord with literature evidence, no significant impairment was observed in mnemonic function. It is postulated however that the results observed in the intracortically-lesioned animals support the published hypothesis that cholinergic projections to the perirhinal cortex are critical for object-recognition memory. In autoradiographic studies, SAP-lesioned animals demonstrated reduced uptake of 123IBVM in multiple regions. A reduction of nicotinic receptors was also seen in SAP-lesioned animals, a novel finding supportive of the excellent characteristics of radioiodinated I-A-85380. Examination of the performance characteristics of the TOHR support in principle its utility for targeted small-animal molecular imaging studies.|
|Description:||Doctor of Philosophy(PhD)|
|Rights and Permissions:||The author retains copyright of this thesis.|
|Type of Work:||PhD Doctorate|
|Appears in Collections:||Sydney Digital Theses (Open Access)|
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