|dc.contributor.author||Suleiman, Mo'ayyad Essa Abedulrahman||-|
|dc.description.abstract||Aims: In 3 phases, this thesis explores: radiation doses delivered to women during mammography, methods to estimate mean glandular dose (MGD), and the use of mammographic breast density (MBD) in MGD calculations. Firstly, it examines Diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) for digital mammography in Australia, with novel focus on the use of compressed breast thickness (CBT) and detector technologies as a guide when determining patient derived DRLs. Secondly, it analyses the agreement between Organ Dose estimated by different digital mammography units and calculated MGD for clinical data. Thirdly, it explores the novel use of MBD in MGD calculations, suggesting a new dose estimation called the actual glandular dose (AGD), and compares MGD to AGD.
Methods: DICOM headers were extracted from 52405 anonymised mammograms using 3rd party software. Exposure and QA information were utilised to calculate MGD using 3 methods. LIBRA software was used to estimate MBD for 31097 mammograms. Median, 75th and 95th percentiles were calculated across MGDs obtained for all included data and according to 9 CBT ranges, average population CBT, and for 3 detector technologies. The significance of the differences, correlations, and agreement between MGDs for different CBT ranges, calculation methods, and different density estimation methods were analysed.
Conclusions: This thesis have recommended DRLs for mammography in Australia, it shows that MGD is dependent upon CBT and detector technology, hence DRLs were presented as a table for different CBTs and detectors. The work also shows that Organ Doses reported by vendors vary from that calculated using established methodologies. Data produced also show that the use of MGD calculated using standardised glandularities underestimates dose at lower CBTs compared to AGD by up to 10%, hence, underestimating radiation risk. Finally, AGD was proposed; it considers differences in breast composition for individualised radiation-induced risk assessment.||en_AU|
|dc.publisher||University of Sydney||en_AU|
|dc.publisher||Faculty of Health Sciences||en_AU|
|dc.publisher||Discipline of Medical Radiation Sciences||en_AU|
|dc.rights||The author retains copyright of this thesis. It may only be used for the purposes of research and study. It must not be used for any other purposes and may not be transmitted or shared with others without prior permission.||en_AU|
|dc.subject||mean glandular dose||en_AU|
|dc.title||Diagnostic Reference Levels for digital mammography in Australia||en_AU|
|dc.type.pubtype||Doctor of Philosophy Ph.D.||en_AU|
|Appears in Collections:||Sydney Digital Theses (Open Access)|