|dc.contributor.author||Raditio, Klaus Heinrich||-|
|dc.description.abstract||This research examines whether a security dilemma applies in the SCS, with a particular focus on China’s behaviour. By examining the constitutive elements of the security dilemma (uncertainty, lack of malign intention and self-defeating behaviour) between China vis-à-vis other claimants, and China vis-à-vis the US. The findings confirm that China has defected from defensive realism to offensive realism toward other SCS claimants, but it keeps adopting defensive realist strategy toward the US.
The focus of this study is on the post de-escalation period (from 1995 until between 2007-2009) onward. This research analyses the nature of China’s behaviour in the SCS and studies its development, rationale and limitations. The major research strategy is the causal process tracing which incorporates (i) comprehensive storyline and (ii) smoking gun observation. Data have been collected from interviews, archives, media and academic publications.
This thesis contends that China has defected from defensive realism to offensive realism toward other SCS claimants on two occasions: (i) the seizure of the Scarborough Shoal in 2012 followed by the halt of access for the Philippine fishermen to enter the Shoal; (ii) the monumental construction of artificial islands in 2014-2015. This research challenges the notion of offensive realist theory that believes all states are unchangeably offensive realist states. The findings of the research support the basic tenets of defensive realist theory that suggest the prevalence of uncertainty in international politics, the self-defeating aspect of power maximisation and the possibility of change in the nature of a state’s behaviour.||en_AU|
|dc.publisher||University of Sydney||en_AU|
|dc.publisher||Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences||en_AU|
|dc.rights||The author retains copyright of this thesis. It may only be used for the purposes of research and study. It must not be used for any other purposes and may not be transmitted or shared with others without prior permission.||en_AU|
|dc.subject||South China Sea||en_AU|
|dc.title||China's Defection in the South China Sea: Its Development, Rationale and Limitations||en_AU|
|dc.type.pubtype||Doctor of Philosophy Ph.D.||en_AU|
|dc.description.disclaimer||Access is restricted to staff and students of the University of Sydney . UniKey credentials are required. Non university access may be obtained by visiting the University of Sydney Library.||en_AU|
|Appears in Collections:||Sydney Digital Theses (University of Sydney Access only)|