|dc.contributor.author||Petrunoff, Nicholas Alexander||-|
|dc.description.abstract||Travel to work by walking, cycling and public transport is healthier than driving and is promoted as active travel. Workplace travel plans that aim to promote active travel as an alternative to driving are a site-based delivery mechanism for transport management options. In some jurisdictions they can be required through land use planning and approvals processes. Research on the effect of workplace travel plans for increasing active travel to work shows they are promising but their effect is not conclusive. Data on their impacts on active travel and physical activity are weak and scarce.
Using a translation research approach this thesis conducts formative research to assess appropriate study designs for the present stage of evidence generation, including a systematic review of the literature. A travel plan is developed, then a study assesses validity of the main outcome measure at baseline whilst gathering objective data on physical activity associated with different transport modes. The effectiveness research stage includes two pragmatic studies of the effectiveness of workplace travel plans for decreasing driving and increasing active travel to work - a three-year time-series study and a retrospective controlled before-after study. In-depth interviews with 20 transport and health practitioners involved in the effectiveness studies, and others who have implemented travel plans are conducted to determine key factors for successful travel plan implementation.
Finally, lessons from the formative research and effectiveness studies are applied to develop two ideal studies for assessing the effectiveness of workplace travel plans for decreasing driving and increasing active travel – a cluster-randomised controlled trial and a quasi-experiment. Rigor versus pragmatism in evaluation is considered, and criteria for assessing causality are applied to ensure the research plans address all major research gaps.||en_AU|
|dc.publisher||University of Sydney||en_AU|
|dc.publisher||Sydney Medical School||en_AU|
|dc.publisher||School of Public Health||en_AU|
|dc.rights||The author retains copyright of this thesis. It may only be used for the purposes of research and study. It must not be used for any other purposes and may not be transmitted or shared with others without prior permission.||en_AU|
|dc.subject.other||! includes published articles||en_AU|
|dc.title||Effects of Interventions Promoting Active Travel to Work on Driving and Worker Health: Formative Research and Tests of Workplace Travel Plans||en_AU|
|dc.type.pubtype||Doctor of Philosophy Ph.D.||en_AU|
|dc.description.disclaimer||Access is restricted to staff and students of the University of Sydney . UniKey credentials are required. Non university access may be obtained by visiting the University of Sydney Library.||en_AU|
|Appears in Collections:||Sydney Digital Theses (University of Sydney Access only)|