|dc.contributor.author||Alexander, Rafael Nikolai||-|
|dc.description.abstract||Quantum computers offer impressive computational speed-ups over their present-day (classical) counterparts. In the measurement-based model, quantum computation is driven by single-site measurements on a large entangled quantum state known as a cluster state. This thesis explores extensions of the measurement-based model for quantum computation in qubit and continuous-variable systems.
Within the qubit setting, we consider the task of characterizing how well a small-scale measurement-based quantum device can perform logic gates. We adapt a pre-existing scheme known as randomized benchmarking into the setting of measurement-based quantum computation on a one-dimensional cluster state. A key feature of randomized benchmarking is that it uses random sequences of gates. We show how the intrinsic randomness of measurement-based quantum computation can be harnessed when implementing them.
Within the continuous-variable setting, we consider optical cluster states that can be generated with current technology. We propose a compact method for generating universal cluster states based on optical-parametric-oscillator technology. We consider how finite squeezing effects manifest in computation and show that pre-existing measurement-based protocols are suboptimal. We propose new measurement-based protocols that have better noise properties, compactness, and circuit flexibility. As an application, we introduce a measurement-based method for implementing interferometry. In this model, the finite squeezing noise can be dealt with as a photon-loss process. Building further on this work, we investigate the resource requirements of a measurement-based boson-sampling device, proving simultaneous efficiency in time, space, and squeezing (energy) resources.
These results offer new insights into how to build, use, and characterize a measurement-based quantum computer.||en_AU|
|dc.publisher||University of Sydney||en_AU|
|dc.publisher||Faculty of Science||en_AU|
|dc.publisher||School of Physics||en_AU|
|dc.title||Measurement-based quantum computation with qubit and continuous-variable systems||en_AU|
|dc.type.pubtype||Doctor of Philosophy Ph.D.||en_AU|
|Appears in Collections:||Sydney Digital Theses (Open Access)|