|Title:||On the development of a novel detector for simultaneous imaging and dosimetry in radiotherapy|
|Publisher:||University of Sydney.|
School of Physics.
Institute of Medical Physics.
|Abstract:||Radiotherapy uses x-ray beams to deliver prescribed radiation doses that conform to target anatomy and minimise exposure of healthy tissue. Accuracy of dose delivery is essential, thus verification of dose distributions in vivo is desirable to monitor treatments and prevent errors from compromising patient outcomes. Electronic portal imaging devices (EPIDs) are commonly used x-ray imagers, however their non water-equivalent response complicates use for dosimetry. In this thesis, a Monte Carlo (MC) model of a standard EPID was developed and extended to novel water-equivalent configurations based on prototypes in which the high atomic number components were replaced with an array of plastic scintillator fibres. The model verified that full simulation of optical transport is not necessary to predict the standard EPID dose response, which can be accurately quantified from energy deposited in the phosphor screen. By incorporating computed tomography images into the model, its capacity to predict portal dose images of humanoid anatomy was also demonstrated. The prototype EPID’s water-equivalent dose response was characterised experimentally and with the MC model. Despite exhibiting lower spatial resolution and contrast-to-noise ratio relative to the standard EPID, its image quality was sufficient to discern gross anatomical structures of an anthropomorphic phantom. Opportunities to improve imaging performance while maintaining a water-equivalent dose response were identified using the model. Longer fibres increased efficiency and use of an extra-mural absorber maximised spatial resolution. Optical coupling between the scintillator fibres and the imaging panel may further improve performance. This thesis demonstrates the feasibility of developing a next-generation EPID for simultaneous imaging and dosimetry in radiotherapy. Such a detector could monitor treatment deliveries in vivo and thereby facilitate adaptations to treatment plans in order to improve patient outcomes.|
|Type of Work:||PhD Doctorate|
|Type of Publication:||Doctor of Philosophy Ph.D.|
|Appears in Collections:||Sydney Digital Theses (Open Access)|
|2014_Samuel_Blake_Thesis.pdf||PhD Thesis||16.35 MB||Adobe PDF|
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