|Title:||Illicit tobacco in Australia: how big is the problem, does it matter and how should its use be monitored?|
|Publisher:||University of Sydney.|
School of Public Health.
|Abstract:||This thesis aimed to establish how best to monitor use of illicit tobacco in Australia and to provide the best possible estimate of extent of use. Six sets of studies were conducted to analyse the literature, examine the characteristics of users, assess the relationship between use of illicit tobacco and smoking cessation and to quantify extent of use and availability from retail outlets. Industry-funded, less transparent studies produced consistently higher estimates of extent of use. Australians who smoke unbranded tobacco are more likely to be male, <50 years old, heavier smokers and dual users of roll-your-own and factory-made cigarettes. Too few users could be identified to assess effects on cessation. Questions about source of purchase and whether packs feature required health warnings could help quantify population use of illicit branded products through consumer surveys. Retail audits suggested limited availability of illicit tobacco in retail outlets. Availability of illicit tobacco has not seriously threatened the effectiveness of tax policy in Australia. Approximately 1.5% of the total amount of tobacco sold in Australia in 2012 was likely to have been unbranded illicit tobacco. It is not possible at this time to provide a reliable estimate of use of illicit branded tobacco products.|
|Description:||Includes published papers co-authored with others|
|Access Level:||Access is restricted to staff and students of the University of Sydney . UniKey credentials are required. Non university access may be obtained by visiting the University of Sydney Library.|
|Rights and Permissions:||The author retains copyright of this thesis. It may only be used for the purposes of research and study. It must not be used for any other purposes and may not be transmitted or shared with others without prior permission.|
|Type of Work:||PhD Doctorate|
|Type of Publication:||Doctor of Philosophy Ph.D.|
|Appears in Collections:||Sydney Digital Theses (University of Sydney Access only)|
|SCOLLO Michelle - Final thesis.pdf||PhD Thesis||22.92 MB||Adobe PDF|
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