Now showing items 1-13 of 13

    • 15 minute consultation: an evidence-based approach to research without prior consent (deferred consent) in neonatal and paediatric critical care trials 

      Woolfall, K; Frith, L; Dawson, Angus; Gamble, C; Lyttle, M D; Young, B (BMJ Publishing Group, 2015)
      What do we mean by research without prior consent (deferred consent)? Emergency research with critically unwell children is vital to make sure that the most ill and injured children benefit from evidence-based healthcare.1 ...
    • Counterterrorism policies and practices: health and values at stake. 

      Eckenwiler, L; Hunt, M; Ahmad, A; Calain, P; Dawson, Angus; Goodin, R; Messelken, D; Rubenstein, L; Wild, V (WHO, 2015)
      The United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) used a fake vaccination programme to obtain DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) samples in the search for Osama Bin Laden, which caused distrust and hampered polio eradication ...
    • A critical interpretive synthesis of evidence and values in recommendations to disinvest from population Screening 

      Little, J; Nicholls, SG; Clifford, T; Sikora, L; Atwere, P; Ashcroft, R; Newson, A.J.; Potter, B; Brehaut, J; Graham, I; Wilson, M; Lavis, J; Grimshaw, J; Verweij, M; Dawson, Angus; Coyle, D; Kemper, A; Botkin, J; Dunfield, L (self-published, 2016-07)
      • the interplay between values and evidence in screening policy • methods of an ongoing systematic review • examples of disinvestment decisions
    • Eliminating latent tuberculosis in low-burden settings: are the principal beneficiaries to be disadvantaged groups or the broader population? 

      Degeling, C; Denholm, J; Mason, P. H.; Kerridge, I; Dawson, Angus (BMJ Publishing Group, 2017-01)
      Tuberculosis (TB) remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and the burdens of this disease continue to track prior disadvantage. In order to galvanise a coordinated global response, WHO has recently ...
    • Ethical Frameworks in Public Health Decision-Making: Defending a Value-Based and Pluralist Approach 

      Grill, K; Dawson, Angus (Springer, 2015)
      A number of ethical frameworks have been proposed to support decision-making in public health and the evaluation of public health policy and practice. This is encouraging, since ethical considerations are of paramount ...
    • The nature and ethics of natural experiments 

      Dawson, Angus; Sim, Julius (BMJ Publishing Group, 2015)
      Natural experiments are an important methodology often used to answer research questions that would, otherwise, be impossible to address, or employed because of ethical concerns about the use of randomisation to interventions ...
    • Public Health Ethics: Cases Spanning the Globe 

      Barrett, D. H.; Ortmann, L. W.; Dawson, Angus; Saenz, C; Reis, A; Bolan, G (Springer Open, 2016-04)
      Public health ethics can be seen both as the application of principles and norms to guide the practice of public health and as a process for identifying, analyzing, and resolving ethical issues inherent in the practice ...
    • Public Health Ethics: Global Cases, Practice, and Context 

      Ortmann, L. W.; Barrett, D. H.; Saenz, C; Bernheim, R. G.; Dawson, Angus; Valentine, J. A.; Reis, A (Springer Open, 2016-04)
      Introducing public health ethics poses two special challenges. First, it is a relatively new field that combines public health and practical ethics . Its unfamiliarity requires considerable explanation, yet its scope and ...
    • Public Health Research 

      Barrett, D. H.; Ortmann, L. W.; Brown, N; DeCausey, B. R.; Saenz, C; Dawson, Angus (Springer Open, 2016-04)
      Having a scientific basis for the practice of public health is critical. Research leads to insight and innovations that solve health problems and is therefore central to public health worldwide. For example, in the United ...
    • Snakes and ladders: state interventions and the place of liberty in public health policy 

      Dawson, Angus (BMJ Publishing Group, 2016-05-23)
      In this paper I outline and explore some problems in the way that the Nuffield Council of Bioethics’ report Public Health: Ethical Issues presents its ‘Intervention Ladder’. They see the metaphor of a ladder both as capturing ...
    • Trust, trustworthiness and health 

      Dawson, Angus (Forum for Medical Ethics Society, 2015)
      Trust is an essential component of good healthcare. If patients trust their physicians, then the relationship between them can be a richer and more meaningful one. The patient is more likely to feel confident and able to ...
    • Vulnerability and Marginalized Populations 

      Wrigley, A; Dawson, Angus (2016-04)
      Public health practitioners attempt to identify and then remove, or at least reduce, threats of harm. However, harm does not affect everyone in the same way. Some people and communities are resilient, whereas others are ...
    • Why we shouldn’t always compensate people for historical wrongs 

      Dawson, Angus (The Conversation, 2015-06-11)
      Human research ethics has often been formulated in response to scandals. However, the majority of research ethics cases are actually quite mundane. They involve committees making decisions about the likely balance between ...