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    • Vertical Integration and its Implications to Port Expansion 

      Zhu, Shengda; Zheng, Shiyuan; Ge, Ying-En; Fu, Xiaowen; Sampaio, Breno; Jiang, Changmin (2019-06)
      Over the years many shipping lines have established terminal operation companies, with some set up as independent firms. However, port authorities and local governments have not always welcomed external investment and ...