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Title:  Domain perturbation for parabolic equations 
Authors:  Sa Ngiamsunthorn, Parinya 
Keywords:  bounded entire solutions domain perturbation initialboundary value problems invariant manifolds parabolic equations Mosco convergence 
Issue Date:  14Sep2011 
Publisher:  University of Sydney. School of Mathematics and Statistics 
Abstract:  We study the effect of domain perturbation on the behaviour of parabolic equations. The first aspect considered in this thesis is the behaviour of solutions under changes of the domain. We show how solutions of linear and semilinear parabolic equations behave as a sequence of domains $\Omega_n$ converges to an open set $\Omega$ in a certain sense. In particular, we are interested in singular domain perturbations so that a change of variables is not possible on these domains. For autonomous linear equations, it is known that convergence of solutions under domain perturbation is closely related to the corresponding elliptic equations via a standard semigroup theory. We show that there is also a relation between domain perturbation for nonautonomous linear parabolic equations and domain perturbation for elliptic equations. The key result for this is the equivalence of Mosco convergences between various closed and convex subsets of Banach spaces. An important consequence is that the same conditions for a sequence of domains imply convergence of solutions under domain perturbation for both parabolic and elliptic equations. By applying variational methods, we obtain the convergence of solutions of initial value problems under Dirichlet or Neumann boundary conditions. A similar technique can be applied to obtain the convergence of weak solutions of parabolic variational inequalities when the underlying convex set is perturbed. Using the linear theory, we then study domain perturbation for initial boundary value problems of semilinear type. We are also interested in the behaviour of bounded entire solutions of parabolic equations defined on the whole real line. We establish a convergence result for bounded entire solutions of linear parabolic equations under $L^2$ and $L^p$norms. For the $L^p$theory, we also prove H\"{o}lder regularity of bounded entire solutions with respect to time. In addition, the persistence of some classes of bounded entire solutions is given for semilinear equations using the LeraySchauder degree theory. The second aspect is to study the dynamics of parabolic equations under domain perturbation. In this part, we consider parabolic equation as a dynamical system in an $L^2$ space and study the stability of invariant manifolds near a stationary solution. In particular, we prove the continuity (upper and lower semicontinuity) of both, the local stable invariant manifolds and the local unstable invariant manifolds under domain perturbation. 
Description:  Doctor of Philosophy 
URI:  http://hdl.handle.net/2123/7775 
Rights and Permissions:  The author retains copyright of this thesis. 
Type of Work:  PhD Doctorate 
Appears in Collections:  Sydney Digital Theses (Open Access) 
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