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|Title:||Rail Infrastructure Pricing For Intercity Passenger Services In Europe: Possible Impacts On The Railways Competitive Framework|
Casas Esplugas, C.
|Citation:||International Conference Series on Competition and Ownership in Land Passenger Transport – 2007 – Hamilton Island, Queensland, Australia – Thredbo 10|
|Abstract:||At the beginning of the 90’s, the European Union initiated a railways reform with the aim to face the decline of railway transport, as well as to increase railway competitiveness and interoperability at European scale. The First Railway Package of this reform focused on the split between infrastructure management and operation and, therefore, on the establishment of pricing systems. Due to lack of straight definition, the application of the Directives on infrastructure charges in the different European countries has given rise to a large spectrum of charging systems. It is a direct consequence of the differences in the charging philosophies (MC –marginal cost, MC+ - marginal cost with mark-ups, FC –Full Cost recovery, etc.), the charging types (single tariff, two-parts tariff) and the parameters (or variables) chosen for defining the amount of the charge in each particular case. This paper analyses the rail infrastructure charges in 23 European countries from the point of view of the parameters used for defining them. The analysis deepens the knowledge of qualitative differences between these countries’ pricing structure. Furthermore, it analyses its consequences in the total amount of the charge to be paid by passenger services running through links considered to be the best national railways relations in each one of the countries studied. Concerning the qualitative analysis, forty-six different types of variables were identified for the whole of the systems analysed. With regard to the quantitative field,calculations reveal that infrastructure charges range from 14,6 €/train-km to 0,6 €/train-km for “comparable” national links. The last part of this paper discusses the weight of those fares for the use of infrastructure for intercity rail passenger services with regard to its competitor mode. Results from an analysis of 100 national and international links allow drawing some conclusions on the possible impacts of railway infrastructure pricing on the railways competitive framework in Europe.|
|Rights and Permissions:||Copyright the University of Sydney|
|Type of Work:||Conference paper|
|Appears in Collections:||Thredbo 10|
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