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|Title:||Allelopathy And Weed Competition|
|Authors:||Seal, Alexa N|
equal compartment agar method (ECAM)
|Series/Report no.:||Program 3|
|Abstract:||Currently, only two herbicides, Londax® (bensulfuron) and Taipan® (benzofenap) are available for the effective control of all four major broadleaf weeds infesting NSW rice paddocks. Prolonged and widespread use of these two herbicides in the rice growing regions increases the threat of herbicide resistance. The low likelihood of new herbicides in the foreseeable future increases the impact of herbicide resistance on the Australian rice industry. Allelopathy, chemical interactions between plants, is an alternative control option. Weeds could be controlled by using crops which have been developed to exert their own weed control by releasing chemicals into the soil. These naturally occurring compounds could play a valuable role in an integrated weed management system, potentially reducing the amount of synthetic herbicides required for weed control. In rice, the potential use of allelopathy in weed control has been explored by several researchers worldwide. Funding for work on allelopathic potential was provided by the Rice CRC as they recognised that the Australian weed community is very different and many of the weeds infesting rice paddocks are typically Australian problems not likely to be tackled by international research groups. Twenty-seven rice cultivars were examined in the laboratory for their allelopathic potential against several currently important and potentially important rice weeds in Australia, namely barnyard grass (Echinochloa crus-galli), dirty dora (Cyperus difformis), lance-leaved water plantain (Alisma lanceolatum), starfruit (Damasonium minus), arrowhead (Sagittaria montevidensis) and S. graminea. Weed root growth inhibition ranged from 0.3 % to 93.6 % of the control depending on the cultivar and the weed species being tested. One weed was actually stimulated by Langi. Several rice varieties significantly inhibited root growth of more than one weed. A field trial using starfruit as the test species was conducted to see if those cultivars which inhibited starfruit in the laboratory experiment also inhibited starfruit in the field and to determine whether allelopathy was an important factor in the resulting field performance. Twenty-four cultivars were used in a field trial based at the Yanco Agricultural Institute. Starfruit dry matter was measured as an indicator of weed inhibition. It was found that there was a correlation between laboratory and field results, and that allelopathy was an important contributor to field performance of a rice variety.|
|ISBN:||1 876903 20 1|
|Type of Work:||Other|
|Appears in Collections:||Research Papers|
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